Provincia di Pisa
Official Tourism Website for Pisa Province

San Rossore Park

San Rossore, marshland (photo by RA.MI.)Park Migliarino San Rossore Massaciuccoli stretches along the coast of the provinces of Pisa and Lucca, in an area that was once characterized by lagoons and marshes.

Over time the area was filled with sediment carried by the rivers Serchio and Arno and by the Tyrrhenian Sea. But the territory is also the result of the work of man, who has channelled the waterways and reclaimed the land over the centuries. Reclamation commenced during the rule of the Medici.

The geographical position and climatic conditions ensure an unusual variety of environments, with the presence of a vast wooded coastal area, dominated by deciduous and pine woods (maritime and stone pine), with vast expanses of dunes and natural beaches (Tirrenia and Marina di Vecchiano) alongside internationally important wetlands (Lake Massaciuccoli and swamps of San Rossore).

The variety of natural environments (dunes, sandy shores, hygrophile forests, expanses of Mediterranean scrub, farmed areas) and the presence of water (marshes, ditches, canals, swamps, drains, lake, rivers, ponds) are the elements that shape and distinguish San Rossore Park.In turn, this variety determines the wealth and diversity of animal and plant species.

Birdlife is incredibly prosperous, with many sedentary, migratory and nesting species (purple heron, mallard, marsh harrier); there is also a strong presence of deer and wild boar and other smaller mammals such as foxes, porcupines, dormice, badgers and squirrels.

The flora of the park includes rarities such as the drosera, or sundew (a small carnivorous plant), the silk vine (a rare liana), the swamp orchid, the pink hibiscus and the Florida fern. The vegetation of the dunal belt and coastline is distinctive for its rustic yet beautiful pioneer plants including the sand-favouring knapweed and tufts of Ravenna grass in the sandiest inland areas.

San Rossore, horse race

Traditional activities include farming, gathering of pine nuts and cattle and sheep breeding. One of the strongest traditions is horse racing, with the racecourse of San Rossore, also known as Prato degli Escoli, which is very well attended in the racing season.

The portion of the park that falls within the boudaries of Pisa province is divided into three estates: San Rossore Estate, at the centre of the park, and Coltano and Tombolo estates to the south.


Migliarino San Rossore Massaciuccoli Regional Park

Tenuta di San Rossore
Loc. Cascine Vecchie
56122 Pisa
tel. 050 539111, fax 050 533650
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