Provincia di Pisa
Official Tourism Website for Pisa Province
  • www.pisaunicaterra.it
  • www.pisaunicaterra.it
  • www.pisaunicaterra.it

Volterra

Volterra, Place of the Priori, Cathedral (Photo by Cle1109 @ Wikipedia.org )Volterra is a gem of Etruscan, Roman, medieval and Renaissance art perched on a hill from where it governs the Cecina Valley. A simple stroll through the streets of the historical centre can reveal the city's artistic heritage.

Today, it has a distinctly medieval look but its Etruscan stamp is still very much in evidence in a city whose name derives from the Etruscan Velathri, later adapted to the Latin Volaterrae. Traces from that period are found not only in the Guarnacci Etruscan Museum, but also in the Acropolis and Necropolis of the archaeological areas of Vallebuona and Parco Enrico Fiumi.

The Acropolis features structures that overlap the Etruscan, Roman and medieval ages. The Necropolis is chiefly interesting from a structural point of view: instead of developing upwards, graves are dug into the sandy soil, which explains why they are commonly known as Buche Etrusche (Etruscan Holes). The urban zone still holds traces of the Etruscan period in the form of the Porta all’Arco, set in the 5th-century B.C. wall, and in the Porta Diana, outside of the medieval belt.

Roman archaeology can be seen in the remains of the 1st-century B.C. Theatre, where a Festival of theatre, music and poetry is held every summer. Set in the Vallebuona area, it still retains part of the seating, the floor with three large exedras and the remains of the covered portico, while part of the stage front has been rebuilt in contemporary style.

The medieval hamlet developed around the nucleus of the Piazza dei Priori, where the unmistakable Palazzo dei Priori rises, with its façade featuring three rows of mullioned windows and crests of the Florentine magistrates.

Volterra, Palazzo PretorioSome of the most outstanding features in the magnificent setting of the square are the Palazzo Pretorio with the Torre del Porcellino, former office of the Mayor, the Palazzo Vescovile, the Palazzo Incontri, seat of the local Cassa di Risparmio and the Palazzo del Monte Pio, the result of a grouping of 13th-century towers and structures. Other examples of medieval civil architecture are the tower-houses Buonparenti, Baldinotti and the group called Toscano.

The religious buildings are concentrated in the Piazza San Giovanni: the Baptistry, the Ospedale di Santa Maria hospital and the Romanesque Cathedral with its elegant 15th-century bell tower.

On the second and third Sundays of August the medieval atmosphere is revived in full with the Medieval Week - A.D. 1398, which sees the historical centre come alive with characters, and on the first Sunday of September, when flag wavers take to the streets for the Astiludio tournament.


Video: Welcome to Volterra